בקדומים - הנוף העליון

העץ המקורי מאוסטרליה

'ברכיכטון אדרי (Brachychiton acerifolius) או ברכיכיטון אוסטרלי הוא עץ נוי, ירוק-עד, המתנשא לגובה של 10-15 מטר ממשפחת ה:Malvaceae, כמו היביסקוס וקקאו. העלים בעלי כפניים רחבים ומבריקים. הפריחה אדומה, אבל לא כל שנה פורח. מוצאו מאוסטרליה.


מהויקיפדיה האנגלית[עריכה | עריכת קוד מקור]

Brachychiton acerifolius, commonly known as the Illawarra Flame Tree, is a large tree of the family Malvaceae native to subtropical regions on the east coast of Australia. It is famous for the bright red bell-shaped flowers that often cover the whole tree when it is leafless. Along with other members of the genus Brachychiton, it is commonly referred to as a Kurrajong.

Brachychiton acerifolius was first described in 1855 by W. Macarthur and C. Moore.[1] It is sometimes spelled as Brachychiton acerifolium, under the assumption that the genus name Brachychiton is (Greek) neuter. In fact, Brachychiton is masculine, and hence the correct species epithet is acerifolius.

This tree is tolerant of temperate climates and is now cultivated world-over for its beauty. However, the maximum height of 40 metres (130 ft) is reached only in the original, warmer, habitat. It usually grows to be about 20 metres (66 ft).[2] Similarly to its Kurrajong relatives the leaves are variable, with up to 7 deep lobes. It is deciduous - shedding its leaves after the dry season. The spectacular flowering occurs in late spring and new foliage is ready for the summer rains. In areas where the winter is not particularly dry, this natural rhythm may become somewhat erratic and the tree may flower only partially.[2]

Flowers are scarlet bells with 5 partially fused petals.[2] The pod-like fruits (technically known as follicles) are dark brown, wide, boat-shaped and about 10 cm long. They contain masses of thin bristles that stick in the skin, as well as yellow seeds. These are nutritious and were eaten by Aborigines after toasting.

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